Victory in the Pacific DayOn the morning of 15 August 1945, Australian time, Emperor Hirohito of Japan announced that Japan would surrender unconditionally, as demanded by the Allies.
Just after 9am Prime Minister Ben Chifley told the nation via radio that Japan had surrendered.
"Fellow citizens, the war is over," he said.
"At this moment let us offer thanks to God.
"Let us remember those whose lives were given that we may enjoy this glorious moment and may look forward to a peace which
they have won for us."
Chifley declared that day and the next as public holidays. He probably needn't have bothered, at least for the 15th, because people all across the country celebrated wildly, stopping traffic while dancing in the streets amid home-made confetti tossed from shops and office buildings. The following day was slightly
more sedate, with victory marches occurring almost everywhere.
Formally, General Thomas Blamey signed the surrender document on the USS Missouri
in Tokyo Bay on 2 September.
This became known as VJ Day, and 15 August – a more resonant day for Australia given its closeness to Japan – as VP Day.